The deep blue color of the seas and the oceans has come to our jewelry in form of sapphire gemstone. This stone has been loved and used in jewelry since times immemorial. Sapphire comes from the Greek word for blue, “sappheiros” and this gemstone provides the most beautiful blues of the gem kingdom.
Sapphire gemstones come in many colors including pink, yellow, orange, purple, violet, light blue, and the rare orange-pink “Padparadscha” sapphire gems. “Padparadscha” comes from the Sanskrit word meaning “lotus color”. Sapphires other than blue, pink and yellow sapphire are usually called natural fancy-color sapphire. Red hues result from traces of chromium. The greater the concentration of oxides, the deeper is the color of the stone.
The ancient Persians called it as “Gem of Heaven” and believed that Sapphires were a chip from the pedestal that supported the earth, and that its reflections gave the sky its colors. The guardians of innocence, Sapphires symbolize truth, sincerity and faithfulness, and are thought to bring peace, joy and wisdom to their owners. In ancient times it was believed that when the wearer of a Sapphire faced challenging obstacles, the gem’s power enabled them to find the correct solution.
Main sources of Sapphire are the basaltic lava rocks and river sands and gravels of Burma, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Ceylon, and Pailin in Cambodia. Other sources of loose sapphire are Australia, Brazil, Kashmir, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Zimbabwe and Montana, USA.